Who owns the most Bitcoin? Top Crypto Billionaires in the World

Satoshi Nakamoto, an enigmatic figure in the cryptocurrency space, commands profound respect. As the anonymous creator behind Bitcoin, Nakamoto mined the first Bitcoin block, the "genesis block," in 2009

Who Owns The Most Bitcoin? Top Crypto Billionaires In The World_65b965e436005.jpeg

Ever since its inception, Bitcoin, the pioneering cryptocurrency, has captivated the global financial landscape. While its fundamental tenet is decentralization, it’s widely acknowledged that certain entities and individuals exert significant influence over this digital treasure trove.

In this article, we delve into the intriguing realm of Bitcoin’s most notable stakeholders and the stories revolving around their vast holdings. However, it’s essential to note that this list is based on public disclosures and estimates.

Satoshi Nakamoto

Satoshi Nakamoto, an enigmatic figure in the cryptocurrency space, commands profound respect. As the anonymous creator behind Bitcoin, Nakamoto mined the first Bitcoin block, the “genesis block,” in 2009. It’s estimated that Nakamoto controls a noteworthy 1.1 million BTC, ensuring their status as the most well-known owner of this digital asset.

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While the exact extent of Satoshi’s holdings remains a mystery, research indicates that this amount was earned as a mining reward for nearly 22,000 blocks. Simultaneously, the largest holdings of BTC are associated with wallets linked to the Binance exchange, boasting an impressive buffer of nearly 250,000 BTC.

Related: What is Bitcoin? Why was Bitcoin Created?

Binance and Bitfinex

Two of the leading cryptocurrency exchanges, Binance and Bitfinex, also stand out among major Bitcoin stakeholders. Binance, a global cryptocurrency company, proudly holds an impressive 600,000 BTC. Meanwhile, Bitfinex, another influential exchange, safeguards approximately 200,000 BTC in its reserves. These significant holdings underscore the importance of security and liquidity for cryptocurrency exchanges.

These cold wallets serve as custodians of customer deposits and typically do not represent the exchange’s ownership rights. When combined, Binance and Bitfinex collectively hold over 4% of the circulating supply.

The United States Government

In a surprising turn of events, the United States government finds itself among the ranks of significant BTC owners. This ownership stems from various sources, including the seizure of Bitcoin associated with illegal activities. Notably, the government confiscated 144,336 BTC from the Silk Road marketplace, a notorious hub for illicit online transactions.

who owns the most bitcoin top crypto billionaires in the world 65b965e49a94f

Furthermore, a portion of these holdings resulted from the Bitfinex security breach, during which the exchange incurred substantial losses. In total, the United States government’s Bitcoin holdings stand at 205,515 BTC, signaling increasing recognition of cryptocurrencies within regulatory perspectives.


Grayscale, a subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, oversees a range of products tailored to the mainstream market. In a recent quarterly report, Grayscale Bitcoin Trust revealed a substantial holding of 628,932 BTC. It’s essential to emphasize that all digital assets related to Grayscale’s services are securely stored under the protection of Coinbase.

Meanwhile, in Canada, Purpose Investment Inc. offers Bitcoin ETF solutions, enabling investors to access Bitcoin without the responsibility of self-custody. As of June 9, 2023, the Purpose Bitcoin ETF proudly holds a significant 22,756 Bitcoin.

Anonymous Bitcoin Whales

Beyond the clearly documented entities and individuals, numerous “Bitcoin whales” remain anonymous. Many of these wallets received substantial Bitcoin holdings in the early days of cryptocurrency but have remained dormant since. The identities of these holders continue to elude scrutiny, inviting the cryptocurrency community to speculate on their origins and intentions.

In conclusion, the Bitcoin landscape is characterized by a diverse array of key stakeholders. These range from the enigmatic Satoshi Nakamoto to influential exchanges and even national governments. These entities significantly influence the dynamic development of cryptocurrency, shaping the market and providing insights into the complex yet decentralized world of digital assets. As the cryptocurrency ecosystem continues to evolve, the stories of these important Bitcoin stakeholders serve as a constant reminder of the ever-changing and mysterious nature of the cryptocurrency frontier.


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