What is a Scam? 8 Most Effective Ways for Beginners to Avoid Scams

Stepping into the world of Crypto, besides encountering quality projects with high growth potential, you also inevitably face a reality that cannot be avoided, and that is the existence of scam projects. So, what is a scam? Let's find out!

What Is A Scam Azc

Stepping into the world of crypto, besides encountering quality projects with growth potential, you also inevitably face a reality that cannot be avoided: the existence of scam projects. The primary purpose of these projects is to lure investors to pour money in, after which the development team will abscond with the investors’ funds. Read the article below from AZC.News to understand what scams are and how to prevent them!

What is a Scam?

What Is A Scam
What Is A Scam

Scam is a term used to describe fraudulent actions, deceiving others to obtain money, personal information, or assets. There are various types of scams, including phone scams, email scams, phishing websites, or even direct transactions. Scams are often built to target the trust of others and can cause significant losses to the victims.

In the Crypto market, scams often refer to fraudulent activities related to coins. Scam coins may also be associated with fake exchanges, where users buy and sell cryptocurrencies but do not receive actual funds or cannot withdraw funds from their accounts after completing transactions. Scam coins pose a threat to the Crypto community, eroding trust and causing financial losses to those affected.

Common Scam Types in Crypto



Hack scams in the crypto world may include attacks on exchanges, seizing control of users’ accounts, and stealing cryptocurrencies. Attackers may also attempt to hack users’ wallets, using malware to steal personal information or cryptocurrencies.

Airdrop Scams

Airdrop scams are a common form of deception in the cryptocurrency community. Scammers create fake airdrops from promising projects and advertise them through social media channels or email, promising free tokens or high-value rewards. However, when users participate, they may have to provide personal information or even transfer cryptocurrencies to receive the rewards.

ICO Scams

Ico Scams
Ico Scams

In this strategy, scammers create fake ICO projects and make promises about potential or promising projects within the cryptocurrency community. They often create attractive websites or advertising materials, promising high profits or attractive investment opportunities for investors.

Related: What is an ICO? Guide to Participating Effectively

Phishing Attack

Phishing Attack
Phishing Attack

Phishing attacks in the crypto world are a form of network attack designed to deceive users and take control or steal their personal information or cryptocurrencies. In phishing attacks, attackers typically use means such as email, online messaging, fake websites, or social media to make victims believe they are communicating with a trustworthy entity, such as a cryptocurrency exchange or an ICO project.

Ponzi Scheme

Ponzi Scheme
Ponzi Scheme

The Ponzi scheme in cryptocurrencies is a form of fraud, named after Charles Ponzi in the 1920s. In this scheme, fraudsters promise high profits to investors by paying from new money instead of from actual profits. Often through investment projects or fixed interest systems, investors are promised stable or large profits in a short period.

Rug Pull

Rug Pull
Rug Pull

Rug pull is a common phenomenon in the world of cryptocurrencies, where projects or cryptocurrency transactions withdraw all or a significant portion of funds or liquidity without prior notice. This often happens after the project has attracted a large number of users or investors and creates a sense of security for them.

How to Recognize a Scam Project

How To Recognize A Scam Project
How To Recognize A Scam Project
  • Unrealistically High Profit Promises: If a cryptocurrency project promises huge profits, far beyond the market or too attractive, it could be a sign of a scam.
  • Lack of Information about the Development Team: A cryptocurrency project with little or no information about the development team or the people behind it could be a red flag.
  • Fraudulent Advertising Methods: If a cryptocurrency project uses fraudulent or spam advertising campaigns to attract investors, it could be a sign of a scam.
  • Lack of Transparency: Projects that do not disclose information about token distribution or do not allow verification on the blockchain could be suspect.
  • Lack of Technology or Solutions Information: If a project does not provide detailed information about the technology or solution they are developing, it could be a warning sign.

8 Ways to Avoid Scams

8 Ways To Avoid Scams
8 Ways To Avoid Scams
  1. Thorough Research on the Project: Never invest in a coin you don’t understand. Read the project’s whitepaper to understand its goals, technology, and development plans. Check if the project has a supportive and developing community.
  2. Check the Development Team: The development team is the foundation of a successful project. Learn about the experience and work history of each member of the team. Consider their transparency and openness in sharing information about the project.
  3. Check the Team and Community Support: An active community can be a positive sign for the project’s development. Join cryptocurrency forums and social media channels to learn opinions and feedback from the community.
  4. Detect Warning Signs: Be cautious with cryptocurrency projects that promise unrealistically high profits or are overly attractive. Check if the project has a real product or application and consider the feasibility of the project’s goals.
  5. Use Reliable Sources of Information: Don’t rely on news and information from a single source. Use reputable cryptocurrency news websites and join online communities to get an overall view and make accurate assessments. You can visit reliable information sites like CoinMarketCap to search for official links of each project.
  6. Be Cautious with ICOs and IDOs: Initial Coin Offerings (ICO) and Initial DEX Offerings (IDO) can be good investment opportunities, but they are also significant risks. Check the terms and conditions of the ICO or IDO before investing, and don’t allocate a large portion of your investment capital to new projects.
  7. Check the Exchange: Ensure that the coin is listed on reputable and influential exchanges. Reputable exchanges usually have a careful selection process for listing coins.
  8. Keep Personal Information Safe: Avoid sharing sensitive personal information with anyone, especially with non-transparent or unidentified projects. Be careful and keep your personal information safe.

Some Famous Scam Coins

Some Famous Scam Coins
Some Famous Scam Coins
  • Bitconnect (BCC): Bitconnect is considered one of the most famous scam coins in cryptocurrency history. The project promised high profits through investment in a lending and daily interest system. However, after a series of criticisms and suspicions, the Bitconnect system collapsed in 2018, causing investors to lose millions of dollars.
  • OneCoin: OneCoin was advertised as a promising cryptocurrency and considered the “new Bitcoin.” However, this project has been considered a fraudulent scheme by many countries and is one of the largest scams in cryptocurrency history.
  • LoopX: LoopX was an ICO project advertised as an automated trading system with high profits. This project attracted millions of dollars from investors before disappearing in 2018. Investors lost all their money, and there was no information about the development team or the actual technology of the project.


Above is all the information about what scams are and how to prevent being scammed when stepping into the virtual financial path. Scam coins pose a significant challenge to investors in the cryptocurrency market, but it is not an insurmountable issue. By grasping knowledge and being vigilant, you can protect your investment from these threats. Most importantly, always prioritize safety and transparency when investing in any project. Always research thoroughly, check, and verify the accuracy of the information.


(11 votes)
  1. Avatar of Hendra Manihuruk
    Hendra Manihuruk

    Ini sangat membantu saya mengetahui bagaimana itu proyek penipuan

  2. Avatar of


  3. Avatar of

    AZCoiner is a scam project?

  4. Avatar of

    Great job

  5. Avatar of Aetos Ronald
    Aetos Ronald

    Merco pour l’info

  6. Avatar of Francis Chinedu
    Francis Chinedu

    Good one. Thanks for publishing this.

  7. Avatar of

    STARCOIN or now starnet matches all descriptions here those sob keep deceiving their golible followers promising them millions of dollars SMFH

  8. Avatar of Kalu Ibe Anya
    Kalu Ibe Anya

    Thank you for the helpful information you have provided.
    More of such educational info

  9. Avatar of Chitta Ranjan Dutta
    Chitta Ranjan Dutta

    Good monitoring to community

  10. Avatar of Samson

    Good update

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


What Is A Cold Wallet Azc

Research | Editor Choice | research

What is a Cold Wallet? Top 3 Best Cold Wallets in the Crypto Market

Is a cold wallet an effective tool for storing cryptocurrencies? So, what is a cold wallet? What are some recommended types of hardware wallets to use? Let's find out together!

Azcnews Ctk Soars 100% In One Hour Ahead Of Major Update

News | Altcoin | Editor Choice

CTK Soars 100% in One Hour Ahead of Major Update

The price of the CTK token doubled within an hour ahead of the upcoming Shentu v2.10.0 update.

Azcnews A Major Uk Bank Officially Bans Cryptocurrency Transactions

News | Editor Choice | Policy & Regulations

A Major UK Bank Officially Bans Cryptocurrency Transactions

Starting May 30, the UK digital bank Kroo will prohibit its customers from conducting cryptocurrency transactions.

An Investor Becomes A Millionaire Thanks To Memecoin Shiba Inu

Altcoin | Editor Choice

An Investor Becomes a Millionaire Thanks to Memecoin Shiba Inu

An investor became a millionaire by holding Shiba Inu for 3 years, turning $2,700 into $1.2 million.

Azcnews Ethereum Approaches Ath As Fund Market Premium Peaks

News | Altcoin | Editor Choice

Ethereum Approaches ATH as Fund Market Premium Peaks

As Ethereum edges closer to its all-time high, the Fund Market Premium of ETH has reached its highest level since November 2021.